16 STREAMING MEDIA April/May 2017
How to Get the Most Out of Every Shot By Stjepan Alaupovic
Legendary Hollywood director Martin Scor- sese says he storyboards every single shot hat might appear in his films before meeting with any cinematographer. That may sound
daunting to some, but it’s the reason why the
images in his films are so memorable.
While overplanning for video shoots is never a bad idea, most of us simply don’t have that
luxury. We’ve all been victims of the frantic
call from a marketing or public relations professional who needs video coverage at the very
Whether it’s an event, an interview, or even
a wedding, there is not much time to sit down
and storyboard or even plan how things will go.
In these situations I’ve found myself pausing
and reverting back to an old technique that I
learned in my very first videography class. The
art of sequencing each scene or shot can cover
all of your bases. It’s also a proven
formula to speed up the coverage
you get from one position.
Another Scorsese tip is that
he shoots for the edit. Sequencing
scenes will deliver several creative
options in the editing room. Below
are the steps I take for covering
and capturing a scene.
The Wide Shot
The wide shot has made quite
the comeback in recent years. At
one point, many online video professionals were hesitant about using wide shots due to the nature
of small-screen devices. Some research even showed that viewers
were not emotionally connecting
with these visuals because it was
difficult to make out the details of
a large-format composition.
Recently, the wide shot has
come back into favor with the introduction of larger mobile screens.
The latest iPhone (iPhone 7) boasts
a 5.5-inch (diagonal) LED-backlit
widescreen retina display. It’s safe
to say that wide shots are perfectly acceptable
these days, even for video being produced for
viewing on mobile devices.
The wide shot is the establishing shot for any
scene. It puts the viewer in a place, atmosphere,
and setting. Figure 1 and Figure 2 show some
examples of wide shots.
There are several variations to the wide shot,
but the way I prefer to capture them is by using the widest setting my lens allows. Typically,
that’s in the 14mm to 24mm range on most popular industry lenses. If your lens doesn’t allow
a wide enough frame, then you can physically
move your camera back until you achieve the
composition you’re after.
I like to start any coverage of a scene with
a wide shot. I’ll let the camera roll for a minimum of 10 seconds (the same for any of the
additional shots I mention below).
of a wide shot to
establish a scene
A wide shot
location or setting
for a scene.